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Which of the following attack types is this?

Purchasing receives a phone call from a vendor asking for a payment over the phone. The phone number
displayed on the caller ID matches the vendor’s number. When the purchasing agent asks to call the vendor
back, they are given a different phone number with a different area code.
Which of the following attack types is this?

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A.
Hoax

B.
Impersonation

C.
Spear phishing

D.
Whaling

Explanation:
In this question, the impersonator is impersonating a vendor and asking for payment. They have managed to
‘spoof’ their calling number so that their caller ID matches the vendor’s number.
Impersonation is where a person, computer, software application or service pretends to be someone or
something it’s not. Impersonation is commonly non-maliciously used in client/server applications. However, it
can also be used as a security threat.

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