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Which of the following application attacks is used to g…

Which of the following application attacks is used to gain access to SEH?

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A.
Cookie stealing

B.
Buffer overflow

C.
Directory traversal

D.
XML injection

Explanation:
Buffer overflow protection is used to detect the most common buffer overflows by checking that the stack has
not been altered when a function returns. If it has been altered, the program exits with a segmentation fault.
Microsoft’s implementation of Data Execution Prevention (DEP) mode explicitly protects the pointer to the
Structured Exception Handler (SEH) from being overwritten.
A buffer overflow occurs when a program or process tries to store more data in a buffer (temporary data
storage area) than it was intended to hold. Since buffers are created to contain a finite amount of data, the extra
information – which has to go somewhere – can overflow into adjacent buffers, corrupting or overwriting the valid
data held in them. Although it may occur accidentally through programming error, buffer overflow is an
increasingly common type of security attack on data integrity. In buffer overflow attacks, the extra data may
contain codes designed to trigger specific actions, in effect sending new instructions to the attacked computer
that could, for example, damage the user’s files, change data, or disclose confidential information. Buffer
overflow attacks are said to have arisen because the C programming language supplied the framework, and
poor programming practices supplied the vulnerability.

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