A website is breached, exposing the usernames and MD5 password hashes of its entire user base. Many of
these passwords are later cracked using rainbow tables. Which of the following actions could have helped
prevent the use of rainbow tables on the password hashes?
use salting when computing MD5 hashes of the user passwords
Use SHA as a hashing algorithm instead of MD%
Require SSL for all user logins to secure the password hashes in transit
Prevent users from using a dictionary word in their password