Department of Physics, Unit Catalogue 2011/12 

Credits:  6 
Level:  Certificate (FHEQ level 4) 
Period: 
Semester 1 
Assessment:  EX 100% 
Supplementary Assessment:  PH10002  Mandatory Extra Work (where allowed by programme regulations) 
Requisites:  Students must have Alevel Physics or Chemistry and Alevel Mathematics to undertake this unit. 
Description:  Aims: The aims of this unit are to gain insight into how the interplay between kinetic and potential energy at the atomic level governs the formation of different phases and to demonstrate how the macroscopic properties of materials can be derived from considerations of the microscopic properties at the atomic level. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * use simple model potentials to describe molecules and solids; * solve simple problems for ideal gases using kinetic theory; * describe the energy changes in adiabatic and isothermal processes; * derive thermodynamic relationships and analyse cycles; * derive and use simple transport expressions in problems concerning viscosity, heat and electrical conduction. Skills: Numeracy T/F A, Problem Solving T/F A. Content: Balance between kinetic and potential energy (2 hours). Gases (3 hours): The ideal gas; kinetic theory; MaxwellBoltzmann distribution, equipartition. The real gas; van der Waals model. The ideal solid (3 hours): Model potentials and equilibrium separations of molecules and Madelung crystals. Simple crystal structures; Xray scattering and Bragg's law. First and second laws of thermodynamics (5 hours): Energy changes along different paths across PVT surfaces; phase changes and critical points; heat capacity of gases. Mechanical and transport properties (9 hours): Derivation of mechanical (viscosity, elasticity, strength) and transport properties (heat and electrical conduction) of gases and solids from considerations of atomic behaviour. Qualitative understanding of viscosity (Newtonian and nonNewtonian) in liquids based on cage models. 
Programme availability: 
PH10002 is Compulsory on the following programmes:Department of Physics
PH10002 is Optional on the following programmes:Department of Mathematical Sciences
